What is Nephrology?

Nephrology is a part of the medical field that deals with the physiology and diseases of the kidneys. The kidneys filter and separate toxins, mineral salts, urea, and other waste products from the blood. The waste materials then go to the bladder via the kidneys as urine, where they are then expelled from the body. As the kidneys filter the blood, they reabsorb water, salts, glucose, amino acids, and electrolytes, back into the bloodstream.

The specialists at The Kidney Care Center of Georgia say that many diseases that affect the kidneys are disorders not limited to the organ itself. These diseases may require special treatment. Examples include conditions such as systemic vasculitides (e.g. ANCA vasculitis) and autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupus), as well as congenital or genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.

Diagnosis

In order to confirm a diagnosis, there are tests of the physical properties of the suspected disease. Doctors will also look at the history of the patients’ symptoms. More specialized tests can be ordered to discover or link any diseases to kidney failures such as hepatitis b or hepatitis c, lupus serologies, paraproteinemias such as amyloidosis or multiple myeloma or various other systemic diseases that lead to kidney failure. The collection of a urine sample can give the doctors information that they may need to determine the filtering capacity of the kidney as well as the amount of protein loss in some forms of kidney disease. However, urine samples have recently been replaced and reintroduced as a spot urine ratio of protein and creatinine.

If you feel to be having any difficulty with your kidney function, and you feel that something may be wrong, get in contact with us today and we will book you an appointment. We want to help you lead a happy, healthy, life.

The Kidneys and How They Work
Low Sodium Diet Guidelines
Low Potassium Diet Guidelines
About Chronic Kidney Disease: Patient Guide
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